The Lao People's Democratic Republic

(Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ)

I have a foreign judgment that I want to enforce and/or recognise in Lao, what are Lao's rules?

In order for a foreign judgment to be recognised and enforced in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), it must first satisfy certain threshold conditions set out in Lao's Amended Law on Civil Procedure. Those conditions are as follows:

  • the judgment is rendered by a court of a country which is a signatory to a treaty concerning the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments to which the Lao PDR is also a signatory or party
  • the judgment does not affect the sovereignty and does not violate the laws of the Lao PDR
  • the judgment does not affect the peace and social order of the Lao PDR

As to the first requirement, the Lao PDR is party to two such agreements. One with China and the other with Vietnam. The Lao PDR is not party to a treaty concerning the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments with any other country. As such, if your judgment was rendered by a court of a country other than China or Vietnam, it cannot be recognised and enforced in the Lao PDR.

If your judgment was rendered by a court in China or Vietnam, then there are certain conditions additional to the above that must be met.

Those matters and more are set out in ABLI's Lao Country Report by Xaynari Chanthala and Kongphanh Santivong.

Who has contributed to ABLI's projects on Lao?

The following people have contributed to ABLI's projects on Lao:

ABLI's other Jurisdictional Guides

See ABLI's Jurisdictional Guides for other Asian jurisdictions.

Copyright © 2019 Asian Business Law Institute.

Asian Business Law Institute

1 Supreme Court Lane, Level 6
Singapore 178879

Main line: (65) 6332 4388

Email: info@abli.asia